Perfect Paleo Chicken Kiev

Easy Paleo Chicken Kiev

It’s possible, with a perfectly coated Paleo-friendly outside and an abundance of fresh seasonings hidden on the inside!

In Poland, we believe the more butter, the merrier. So growing up there as a child meant Chicken Kiev was a frequent, and highly popular dinner guest with its rich buttery taste. But the Chicken Kiev I grew up with is not the one you find in the grocery stores. Hailing originally from Russia, Chicken Kiev is chicken covered with cold herb-infused butter (usually parsley, but you can use dill), then rolled, breaded, and baked. Sometimes it can be roasted or deep-fried. Some people like to make a white sauce to accompany it. The dish was extremely popular in the 1970s and then fell out of popular favor in the late 80s as cuisine and tastes changed. It has staged a comeback however because no matter how you cook or dress it, Chicken Kiev is a simple and elegant meal for yourself or guests. 

It’s also shrouded in mystery and controversy, from what the filling should be to how to what kind of chicken meat to use. Historically, Chicken Kiev was known as “chop devolaj” or chicken cutlet stuffed with butter and herbs in Eastern Europe. However, it has also been known as “chop de volaille”, ‘volaille’ meaning poultry in French. If you were to order a “côtelette de volaille" in a French bistro, you would receive minced poultry meat (volaille can be a chicken, duck or any fowl) shaped into a cutlet with a filling on the inside. In Russian “de-voliay cutlet” means something similar – a cutlet of stuffed poultry meat. So it’s possible that “chop de volaille” was invented by a French chef at a Russian court. 

But what’s inside the chicken? Originally in Eastern Europe, the cutlet was stuffed with butter. In the West, people have used garlic butter. Adding herbs such as parsley and dill is optional and seems to depend on where you live. In some American recipes, butter is replaced by blue cheese (!), and in others, you can find bacon, or ham and cheese combinations. At this point, I would argue that we are no longer in Chicken Kiev territory. Indeed, if you are wondering where the “Kiev” part comes from, Kiev is, of course, the capital of Ukraine, and it is believed that the dish became Chicken Kiev for restaurant marketing reasons in the US. Apparently, there were concerns on both sides of the Atlantic that keeping the dish’s French name would lessen its appeal to Eastern European diners. Who would have guessed the always welcomed dish at my Polish dinner table would face such a journey through time to yours?

One thing that seems to be relatively clear, however, is the coating – egg and breadcrumbs only to keep it nice and crispy. So how can we hold onto the crispy coating without the grain and gluten of breadcrumbs?

Enter……CASSAVA FLOUR. Grain, gluten, and nut-free, this flour comes from the root of the Cassava plant, native to South America and some parts of Asia and Africa, and resembles the taro, yam, and potato. It’s high in carbohydrates, and of all the non-gluten flours available, is the most like wheat flour in how it behaves. It’s soft powdery and does not have a distinctive taste. As a result, it’s a great substitute if you have dietary restrictions. 

A couple of hints for making my Chicken Kiev….

  1. Use cold butter and thin cuts of chicken. Chicken breasts are best, and then pound them with a mallet until they are thin. 
  2. Thinner the better - Thin chicken breasts can be filled and easily rolled. They also cook evenly and quickly.
  3. Little balls not rolls (as you see in the picture). 
  4. No deep frying for healthier food!

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Did you make this recipe?

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Easy Paleo Chicken Kiev Recipe

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Course: Main Course
Cuisine: European, Paleo, Polish, whole30
Keyword: chicken, Kiev, paleo diet
Prep Time: 20 minutes
Cook Time: 30 minutes
Total Time: 50 minutes
Servings: 4
Calories: 773kcal
Author: Angie

Ingredients

  • 1/2 cup softened butter
  • 2 tbsp chopped parsley, divided
  • 1 garlic, minced
  • 2 tsp chives
  • 4 large chicken breasts
  • 2 whole eggs, lightly beaten
  • 1 tbsp water
  • 3/4 cup cassava flour or gluten-free breadcrumbs
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 tsp pepper

Instructions

  • In a bowl, combine soften butter, chopped parsley, salt, pepper and garlic. Place mixture in plastic wrap and roll into a 4 inch log. Place in the refrigerator for at least an hour.
  • Preheat oven to 350. Spray a 9x13 inch pan with non stick spray and set aside.
  • Place chicken breasts between two sheets of plastic wrap. Pound chicken until they are thin, about 1/2 to 3/4 inch thick.
  • Slice the herbed butter.
  • Place a slice of herbed butter and chives in the middle of your chicken breast. Place chikcken breast on precut plastic wrap (make sure that is big enough that you can wrap the chicken breast and) and twist the wrap around the chicken breast.
  • Put the wrapped chicken breast in the frezzer for an hour. Take the chicken out and mix the flour in a shallow bowl and roll the chicken breast in flour.
  • Place the chicken in a baking dish and bake for 30-40 minutes or until juices run clear or the chicken registers 165 degrees when tested with a meat thermometer. The outside coating will be golden brown.
  • Serve with wilted greens, pureed vegetables or a salad and either a Chablis, Chardonnay or Sauvignon Blanc for company!

Just so you know…..

  • You can reheat Chicken Kiev, but the chicken may dry out and the filling can separate.

Nutrition

Calories: 773kcal

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